同位语从句例句

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同位语从句例句

  同位语从句例句(一):

  1、由whether引导的同位语

  例句:We are not investigating the question whether he is trustworthy。 我们不是在调查他是否能够信任的问题。

  【注意】whether 可引导同位语从句,但if不能引导同位语从句。[由84384现场报码开奖直播现场直播 www.chinahuaxu.com整理]

  2、由that引导的同位语

  例句:He referred to Copernicus’ statement that the earth moves round the sun。 他提到了哥白尼关于地球绕太阳转的说法。

  【注意1】在某些名词(如demand, wish, suggestion, resolution等)后面的同位语从句要用虚拟语气。如:

  They expressed the wish that she accept the award。 他们表示期望她理解这笔奖金。

  【注意2】引导同位语从句的连词that通常不省略,但在非正式文体中也能够省去。如:

  He gabbed his suitcase and gave the impression he was boarding the Tokyo plane。 他拿起了手提箱,给人的印象是他要登上飞往东京的飞机了。

  3、由连接副词引导的同位语

  例句:I have no idea when he will e back。 我不明白他什么时候回来。

  4、由连接代词引导的同位语

  例句:Have you any idea what time it starts? 你明白什么时候开始吗?

  5、关于分离同位语从句

  有时同位语从句能够和同位的名词分开。

  例句:The news got about that he had won a car in the lottery。 消息传开说他中彩得了一辆汽车。

  同位语从句例句(二):

  1。 由that引导

  1、We heard the news that our team had won。 我们听到消息说我们队赢了。

  2、They were worried over the fact that you were sick。 他们为你生病发愁。

  3、I’ve e to the conclusion that it was unwise to do that。 我得出结论这样做是不明智的。

  4、The fact that the money has gone does not mean it was stolen。 那笔钱不见了这一事实并不意味着是被偷了。

  5、He referred to Copernicus’ statement that the earth moves round the sun。 他提到了哥白尼关于地球绕太阳转的说法。

  6、The news that we are having a holiday tomorrow is not true。 明天放假的消息不实。

  【注意1】在某些名词(如demand, wish, suggestion, resolution等)后面的同位语从句要用虚拟语气。如:

  1、They were faced with the demand that this tax be abolished。 他们应对废除这个税的要求。

  2、I can understand their eagerness that you should be the main speaker。 我理解他们期望你作主要发言人的殷切情绪。

  3、They expressed the wish that she accept the award。 他们表示期望她理解这笔奖金。

  4、The suggestion that the new rule be adopted came from the chairman。 采纳新规则的推荐是主席提出的。

  5、The resolution that women be allowed to join the society was carried。 允许妇女参加这个协会的决议透过了。

  6、There was a suggestion that Brown should be dropped from the team。 有一项推荐是布朗就应离队。

  【注意2】引导同位语从句的连词that通常不省略,但在非正式文体中也能够省去。如:

  He gabbed his suitcase and gave the impression he was boarding the Tokyo plane。 他拿起了手提箱,给人的印象是他要登上飞往东京的飞机了。

  2。 由whether引导

  1、We are not investigating the question whether he is trustworthy。 我们不是在调查他是否能够信任的问题。

  2、There is some doubt whether he will e。 他是否会来还不必须。

  3、The question whether it is right or wrong depends on the result。 这个是对还是错要看结果。

  4、Answer my question whether you are ing。 你回答我的问题:你来不来。

  【注意】whether 可引导同位语从句,但if不能引导同位语从句。

  3。 由连接代词引导

  Have you any idea what time it starts? 你明白什么时候开始吗?

  From 1985-90 I was an instructor at the regional party headquarters。 After that I went back to work in a factory。 Then I had no idea what a casino was。 从1985年到1990年我是地方党部的教员。随后我回到一家工厂工作。当时我不明白赌场是什么样的地方。

  4。 由连接副词引导

  1、You have no idea how worried I was! 你不明白我多着急!

  2、It is a question how he did it。 那是一个他如何做的问题。

  3、He had no idea why she left。 他不明白她为什么离开。

  4、I have no idea when he will e back。 我不明白他什么时候回来。

  二、关于分离同位语从句

  有时同位语从句能够和同位的名词分开。如:

  1、The rumour spread that a new school would be built here。 谣传那里要盖一所新学校。

  2、The story goes that he beats his wife。 传说他打老婆。

  3、Report has it that the Smiths are leaving town。 有传言说史密斯一家要离开这座城市。

  4、The thought came to him that maybe the enemy had fled the city。 他想到可能敌人已逃离这座城市。

  5、The news got about that he had won a car in the lottery。 消息传开说他中彩得了一辆汽车。

  6、The order soon came that all citizens should evacuate the village。 不久命令下来,所有居民都务必撤出村子。

  同位语从句例句(三):

  一、在复合句中用作同位语的从句叫同位语从句。它一般跟在某些名词后面,用以说明该名词表示的具体资料。如:

  I heard the news that our team had won .我听到了我们队获胜的消息。 I had no idea that you were here .我不明白你在那里。

  二、能够跟同位语从句的名词通常有news ,idea ,fact ,promise ,question ,doubt ,thought ,hope ,message ,suggestion ,words (消息),possibility 等。如:

  I’ve e from Mr wang with a message that he won’t be able to see you this afternoon . 我从王先生那里来,他让我告诉你他这天下午不能来看你了。

  三、英语中引导同位语从句的词通有连词 that ,whether ,连接副词 how,when, where 等。(注:if,which 不能引导同位语从句。)如:

  l have no idea when he will be back .我不明白他什么时候回来。 He must answer the question whether he agrees to it or not。

  他务必回答他是否同意这样一个问题。

  另外,where, when, why, how, who, what 等在引导同位语从句时,一般只用于I have no idea 。。。 结构中, 但有人认为, 其实这种类型的同位语从句就应列入宾语从句的范畴,因为I have no idea 意思就是I don't know 。。。

  如:I have no idea where I should go。

  I have no idea how I can get to the railway station

  四、有时同位语从句能够不紧跟在说明的名词后面,而被别的词隔开。 如: Several years later ,word came that Napoleon himself was ing to ins pect them .

  几年以后,有消息传来说拿破仑要亲自视 察他们。

  The thought came to him that maybe the enemy had fled the city . 他突然想起可能敌人已经逃出城了。

  【相关阅读】

  同位语从句与定语从句的区别。

  1、同位语从句与前面的名词是同位关系,即说明它前面名词的资料;而定语从句与前面的名词是修饰与被修饰关系,即限定它前面的名词范围,或补充一些状况。如:

  The news that l have passed the exam is true .我透过了考试这一消息是真的。

  (同位语从句,即从句所表达的意思就是前面名词的资料。)

  The news that he told me just now is true .他刚才告诉我的消息是真的。 (定语从句,从句对前面名词起修饰限制作用,即“他告诉我的”那个消息,而不是别的消息。)

  2、从句是否有疑问的好处。如:

  eg。Do you remember the day when i told you that i loved you?(when引导的从句不表示疑问,所以这是一个定语从句。)

  eg。I have asked the question why it was true just now。(why引导的从句表示疑问,所以这是一个同位语从句。)

  一个名词(或其它形式) 对另一个名词或代词进行修饰,限定或说明,这个名词(或其它形式) 就是同位语。同位语与被它限定的词的格要一致,并常常紧挨在一齐。(也有例外,如:Information has been put forward that more middle school gradu ates will be admitted into universities。 )

  3、关系词在句中是否做成分 。如:

  The idea that puters can recognize human voices surprises many pe ople。

  计算机能够识别人的声音的想法使许多人感到惊奇。(that 在从句中不充当任何成份。)

  The idea that he gave surprises many people .他提出的观点令许多人感到吃惊。

  (that 在从句中作gave 的宾语。)

  4、被修饰词语的区别

  同位语从句所修饰的名词比较有限,通常有hope, wish, idea, news, fact, promise, opinion, suggestion, truth等,而定语从句所修饰的名词则十分广泛。 另外,when和where 引导定语从句时,通常只修饰表示时光和地点的名词,而它们引导同位语从句时却不必须;又如why引导定语从句,它通常只修饰名词the reason,而它引导同位语从句时则不必须:

  We don’t understand the problem why this is the best choice。 我们不明白这个问题,为什么这是最好的选取。(同位语从句

  The reason why he didn’t e to the meeting is that he is ill。 他未能来开会,原因是他生病了。(定语从句)

  I have no idea when they will e 。 我不明白他们什么时候来。(同位语从句)

  I’ll never forget the days when I lived there。。 我永远不会忘记我住在那儿的日子。(定语从句)

  典型例题

  例1:I have no idea when he will be back。

  析:he will be back 好处不完整,应加“什么时候”的含义才能表达idea 的全部资料,因此应用when 引导同位语从句。

  例2:I have no impression how he went home ,perhaps by bike。

  析:he went home 好处不完整,应加“如何”的含义才能表达impression 的全部资料,因此应用how 引导同位语从句。

  例3:She heard a terrible noise ,____ brought her heart into her mouth。 (MET91)

  A。it B。which C。this D。that

  析:答案为B。 分析语境含义、句子结构和句子成分可知,该句为非限制性定语从句,先行词为a terrible noise ,且它在从句中作主语。应将该句区别于: I can’t stand the terrible noise ____ she is crying loudly。

  A。it B。which C。this D。that

  析:答案为D。she is crying loudly与the terrible noise修饰的都是她的哭声,且the terrible noise不在从句中作成分,所以该句为同位语从句。

  例4:Information has been put forward ____ more middle school graduat es will be admitted into universities。 (NMET2001上海)

  A。while B。that C。when D。as

  析:答案为B。more middle school graduates will be admitted into universit ies 是Information 的资料,且Information 不在从句中作成分,所以该句为同位语从句。应将该句区别于:

  It is said that more middle school graduates will be admitted into univer sities ,this is the information ____ has been put forward。

  A。what B。that C。when D。as

  析:答案为B。that has been put forward 为information 的修饰性定语,且inf ormation 在从句中作主语,所以该句为定语从句。

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